In response to the powerful tectonic enviorement in the Chilean Andes, “La Casa Oruga” uses modular shipping containers to create livable volumes that draw the landscape with lines.
The linear configuration allows the outside air to flow smoothly and easily through the entire house in order to avoid the active ventilation. The strategy to achieve the landscape integration consisted on placing the volumes of the house as if they were resting on the ground, despite of the form , and allowing volumes to be mixed with the slopes. As a result of this adjustment in the container house over the natural terrain, at the entrance of the house and the kids rooms a sloping interior space is generated, which is both the skylight and the place where is the bed.
The strategy to improve the air circulation through the house consisted on the organization of the circuit along the ways keeping the interstitial spaces between them for the circulation of both: the inhabitants and the fresh air coming from the mountains. At the same time , the interstitial spaces proposed increases the perimeter of the house, allowing most of the time to have natural light and air entering the space from at least two opposite sides. As a result of this objective, the windows and doors are aligned along the axes facilitating the movement of the air circulation.
The phases of construction were: First, the construction of the retaining walls to create an horizontal space where to place the house public areas. Second, the assembly of the containers and third, to join all the containers with the same material and also create a ventilated façade. We choose this material considering the economy and also its maintenance.
The architectural elements such as windows , doors and skylights are streamlined and repeated all over the house in order to reduce costs and also create an integrated architectural peace.